CentOS 7系统优化脚本

小天天天天    服务器    335 次    2022-07-05 22:08:24


作为一名运维,经常会部署各种用途的操作系统,但在这些工作中,我们会发现很多工作其实是重复性的劳动,操作的内容也是大同小异,基于这类情况,我们可以把相同的操作做成统一执行的脚本,不同的东西作为变量手动输入。节约下来的时间不就可以做更多有意义的事情吗?

最近在粉丝有推荐下发现一款比较好用的shell源码,也基于此改编了一下,分享给大家:

主菜单:
CentOS 7系统优化脚本
二级菜单:
CentOS 7系统优化脚本

主要实现系统的各类优化,比如常用的修改字符集、关闭selinux、关闭防火墙、安装常用工具和加快ssh登录等功能。

源码如下:

#!/bin/sh

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8

#一级菜单
menu1()
{
        clear
        cat <<EOF
--------------------------------------------
|****   欢迎使用cetnos7.9优化脚本        ****|
|****   博客地址: www.chenxuhou.com    ****|
--------------------------------------------
1. 一键优化
2. 自定义优化
3. 退出
EOF
        read -p "please enter your choice[1-3]:" num1
}

#二级菜单
menu2()
{
	clear
	cat <<EOF
----------------------------------------
|****Please Enter Your Choice:[0-13]****|
----------------------------------------
1. 修改字符集
2. 关闭selinux
3. 关闭firewalld
4. 精简开机启动
5. 修改文件描述符
6. 安装常用工具及修改yum源
7. 优化系统内核
8. 加快ssh登录速度
9. 禁用ctrl+alt+del重启
10.设置时间同步
11.history优化
12.返回上级菜单
13.退出
EOF
	read -p "please enter your choice[1-13]:" num2
	
}

#1.修改字符集
localeset()
{
	echo "========================修改字符集========================="
	cat > /etc/locale.conf <<EOF
LANG="zh_CN.UTF-8"
#LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
SYSFONT="latarcyrheb-sun16"
EOF
	source /etc/locale.conf
	echo "#cat /etc/locale.conf"
	cat /etc/locale.conf
	action "完成修改字符集" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#2.关闭selinux
selinuxset() 
{
	selinux_status=`grep "SELINUX=disabled" /etc/sysconfig/selinux | wc -l`
	echo "========================禁用SELINUX========================"
	if [ $selinux_status -eq 0 ];then
		sed  -i "s#SELINUX=enforcing#SELINUX=disabled#g" /etc/sysconfig/selinux
		setenforce 0
		echo '#grep SELINUX=disabled /etc/sysconfig/selinux'
		grep SELINUX=disabled /etc/sysconfig/selinux
		echo '#getenforce'
		getenforce
	else
		echo 'SELINUX已处于关闭状态'
		echo '#grep SELINUX=disabled /etc/sysconfig/selinux'
                grep SELINUX=disabled /etc/sysconfig/selinux
                echo '#getenforce'
                getenforce
	fi
		action "完成禁用SELINUX" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#3.关闭firewalld
firewalldset()
{
	echo "=======================禁用firewalld========================"
	systemctl stop firewalld.service &> /dev/null
	echo '#firewall-cmd  --state'
	firewall-cmd  --state
	systemctl disable firewalld.service &> /dev/null
	echo '#systemctl list-unit-files | grep firewalld'
	systemctl list-unit-files | grep firewalld
	action "完成禁用firewalld,生产环境下建议启用!" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 5
}

#4.精简开机启动
chkset()
{
	echo "=======================精简开机启动========================"
	systemctl disable auditd.service
	systemctl disable postfix.service
	systemctl disable dbus-org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.service
	echo '#systemctl list-unit-files | grep -E "auditd|postfix|dbus-org\.freedesktop\.NetworkManager"'
	systemctl list-unit-files | grep -E "auditd|postfix|dbus-org\.freedesktop\.NetworkManager"
	action "完成精简开机启动" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#5.修改文件描述符
limitset()
{
	echo "======================修改文件描述符======================="
	echo '* - nofile 65535'>/etc/security/limits.conf
	ulimit -SHn 65535
	echo "#cat /etc/security/limits.conf"
	cat /etc/security/limits.conf
	echo "#ulimit -Sn ; ulimit -Hn"
	ulimit -Sn ; ulimit -Hn
	action "完成修改文件描述符" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#6.安装常用工具及修改yum源
yumset()
{
	echo "=================安装常用工具及修改yum源==================="
	yum install wget -y &> /dev/null
	if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
		cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
		\cp CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.$(date +%F)
		ping -c 1 mirrors.aliyun.com &> /dev/null
		if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
			wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo &> /dev/null
			yum clean all &> /dev/null
			yum makecache &> /dev/null
		else
			echo "无法连接网络"
    			exit $?
  		fi
	else
		echo "wget安装失败"
		exit $?
	fi
	yum -y install ntpdate lsof net-tools telnet vim lrzsz tree nmap nc sysstat &> /dev/null
	action "完成安装常用工具及修改yum源" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#7. 优化系统内核
kernelset()
{
	echo "======================优化系统内核========================="
	chk_nf=`cat /etc/sysctl.conf | grep conntrack |wc -l`
	if [ $chk_nf -eq 0 ];then
		cat >>/etc/sysctl.conf<<EOF
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 600
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 4000 65000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 16384
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 36000
net.ipv4.route.gc_timeout = 100
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 0
net.core.somaxconn = 16384
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 16384
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 16384
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_max = 25000000
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_established = 180
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_time_wait = 120
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_close_wait = 60
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_tcp_timeout_fin_wait = 120
EOF
	sysctl -p
	else
		echo "优化项已存在。"
	fi
	action "内核调优完成" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#8.加快ssh登录速度
sshset()
{
	echo "======================加快ssh登录速度======================"
	sed -i 's#^GSSAPIAuthentication yes$#GSSAPIAuthentication no#g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
	sed -i 's/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
	systemctl restart sshd.service
	echo "#grep GSSAPIAuthentication /etc/ssh/sshd_config"
	grep GSSAPIAuthentication /etc/ssh/sshd_config
	echo "#grep UseDNS /etc/ssh/sshd_config"
	grep UseDNS /etc/ssh/sshd_config
	action "完成加快ssh登录速度" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#9. 禁用ctrl+alt+del重启
restartset()
{
	echo "===================禁用ctrl+alt+del重启===================="
	rm -rf /usr/lib/systemd/system/ctrl-alt-del.target
	action "完成禁用ctrl+alt+del重启" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#10. 设置时间同步
ntpdateset()
{
	echo "=======================设置时间同步========================"
	yum -y install ntpdate &> /dev/null
	if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
		/usr/sbin/ntpdate time.windows.com
		echo "*/5 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate ntp.aliyun.com &>/dev/null" >> /var/spool/cron/root
	else
		echo "ntpdate安装失败"
		exit $?
	fi
	action "完成设置时间同步" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#11. history优化
historyset()
{
	echo "========================history优化========================"
	chk_his=`cat /etc/profile | grep HISTTIMEFORMAT |wc -l`
	if [ $chk_his -eq 0 ];then
		cat >> /etc/profile <<'EOF'
#设置history格式
export HISTTIMEFORMAT="[%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S] [`whoami`] [`who am i|awk '{print $NF}'|sed -r 's#[()]##g'`]: "
#记录shell执行的每一条命令
export PROMPT_COMMAND='\
if [ -z "$OLD_PWD" ];then
    export OLD_PWD=$PWD;
fi;
if [ ! -z "$LAST_CMD" ] && [ "$(history 1)" != "$LAST_CMD" ]; then
    logger -t `whoami`_shell_dir "[$OLD_PWD]$(history 1)";
fi;
export LAST_CMD="$(history 1)";
export OLD_PWD=$PWD;'
EOF
		source /etc/profile
	else
		echo "优化项已存在。"
	fi
	action "完成history优化" /bin/true
	echo "==========================================================="
	sleep 2
}

#控制函数
main()
{
	menu1
	case $num1 in
		1)
			localeset
			selinuxset
			firewalldset
			chkset
			limitset
			yumset
			kernelset
			sshset
			restartset
			ntpdateset
			historyset
			;;
		2)
			menu2
			case $num2 in
                		1)
               		 		localeset
               		 		;;
                		2)
               		 		selinuxset
               		 		;;
                		3)
               		 		firewalldset
               		 		;;
                		4)
               		 		chkset
               		 		;;
                		5)
               		 		limitset
               		 		;;
                		6)     
				        yumset
               		 		;;
                		7)
               		 		kernelset
               		 		;;
                		8)
               		 		sshset
               		 		;;
                		9)
               		 		restartset
               		 		;;
                		10)
               		 		ntpdateset
               		 		;;
				11)
					 historyset
					 ;;
				12)
					 main
					 ;;
				13)
					 exit
					 ;;
				*)
					 echo 'Please select a number from [1-13].'
					 ;;
			esac
			;;
		3)
			exit
			;;
		*)
			echo 'Err:Please select a number from [1-3].'
			sleep 3
			main
			;;
	esac
}
main $*

将其保存为init.sh,然后赋予执行权限后执行即可。

chmod +x init.sh && ./init.sh

最后,如果大家有想实现的功能,也可以在原有脚本的基础上进行修改实现。



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